Diathesis-stress Model of Depression

This article reviews the diathesis-stress model of depression, which proposes that stress and depression are intertwined in a causal fashion.

the diathesis-stress model of depression is a biopsychosocial formulation utilized in the scientific study of mood disorders (i.e., unipolar and bipolar depression), post-traumatic states, neurotic illness, eating disorders, personality disorders, substance use disorders, and anxiety.

The model postulates that biological vulnerability exists prior to the onset of exposure to stress.  This type of stress results in the development of an episode of Major Depressive Disorder (MDD).

The diathesis-stress model of depression is a biopsychosocial model of depression that focuses on the interaction between environmental stressors and an individual’s predisposition to developing the disorder.

It is particularly applicable when discussing cases where stress may have contributed to an onset of depression or a relapse of symptoms.

The diathesis-stress model of depression is a theory that learning difficulties can lead to depressive symptoms, thus setting the stage for them based on an individual’s genetic make-up. In other words, it describes learning difficulties and mental illness as two distinct but interdependent risk factors for each other.

Most mental illnesses appear to be caused by an interaction of environmental and genetic factors, according to the diathesis-stress model of depression.

This model explains how stressful life events, coupled with vulnerability to the development of depression (the diathesis), can lead to major depression.

A popular way to explain the onset of depression is to look at it in terms of causes and triggers. The diathesis-stress model of depression looks at both environmental factors that may make a person more likely to become depressed (diathesis) and life events that are seen to trigger a depressive episode. As with other mental disorders, the exact mechanisms for how these two elements interact vary depending on the person involved.

Depression and Bipolar Disorder: Treatment Strategies

Depression and bipolar disorder are debilitating mental illnesses that affect millions of people worldwide. These conditions also have high rates of suicide, which indicates the severity of these diseases. Fortunately, there are numerous effective treatment strategies available that can help to reduce symptoms while providing ways for individuals to lead healthy and productive lives. Many treatment options are available, ranging from psychological interventions to medications.

Both depression and bipolar disorder can be treated with a variety of therapy strategies, medications, support groups, and self-care techniques.

Being diagnosed with depression and bipolar disorder can be devastating. People will assume that you are a damaged individual who will never thrive in life. You can no longer hold on to your job. In fact, you need to look for a way to rebuild your life all over again. A lot of people may underestimate your possibilities because they do not know the facts and figures about these mental illnesses.

If you are living with depression and/or bipolar disorder, you may experience periods of deep sadness, loss of interest in daily activities, anxiety, difficulties with thinking and concentration, irritability, fatigue, self-loathing, anger, and disturbances in your sleep or appetite.

Depression and Bipolar Disorder are primarily mood disorders that affect millions of people. There is no one trigger to instigate the development of either disorder, rather causes include such natural or traumatic events as death or abuse in the family, serious injury, or physical abuse. Stress is a common reaction when dealing with changes in life, but when it becomes overwhelming, individuals can develop symptoms of depression and bipolar disorder.

Depression is one of the most common mental disorders. One in twenty adults suffers from general depression at any point in time and many more suffer from other types of depression or recurring bouts of depression. It is also common for a person with depression to be diagnosed with bipolar disorder as well.

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