People with fibromyalgia have more difficulty falling asleep, the quality of sleep is worse, and the lesser amount, compared to the general population, according to the results of a new review.
Researchers have drawn the attention of physicians specializing in sleep disorders in fibromyalgia patients, as better sleep can help improve the symptoms of the disease.
The study, “Sleep Disorders in Fibromyalgia: A Meta-Analysis, Case-Control Studies,” published in the Journal of Psychosomatic Research, has reviewed several previously published studies reporting the relationship of sleep disorders to the development of fibromyalgia
The benefits of a good night’s sleep have a positive impact on the physical and mental health of all people.
According to researchers, bad sleep affects nearly 80% of patients with fibromyalgia, and studies have shown that poor sleep quality is a risk factor for fibromyalgia.
In fact, insufficient sleep is strongly associated with the severity of symptoms, the fewer patients sleep, the worse the symptomatology.
Clinical trials with medications have shown that improving sleep quality may reduce pain in patients with fibromyalgia.
To understand the characteristics of sleep disorders and their effects in patients with fibromyalgia, the researchers reviewed 25 fibromyalgia case studies and healthy controls, with a total of 2,086 participants, in which sleep was assessed by polysomnography (19 studies) and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (seven studies).
Studies that evaluated sleep with polysomnography reported significant differences between patients with fibromyalgia and healthy individuals regarding wakefulness after sleep onset, total sleep time and sleep efficiency, among other parameters.
Studies evaluating sleep with Pittsburgh sleep quality index reported significant differences in overall scores, the time between attempted sleep and onset of sleep, and sleep quality between the two sleep groups. participants.
According to this review, this may be due to the fact that patients with fibromyalgia have difficulty sleeping, have lower sleep quality and lower sleep efficiency, longer waking time before falling asleep, decreased sleep duration and decreased sleep. .
“Clinical trials have shown that improving the quality of
Sleep can reduce pain in fibromyalgia sufferers, “
the researchers wrote.
“Therefore, primary care providers should be informed of the results of the present study, and should evaluate the initiative, the risk of sleep disorders in patients who complain of generalized chronic pain, or consider the diagnosis of fibromyalgia in these patients.
Physicians should also actively treat sleep disorders, especially when poor sleep is identified in people with fibromyalgia.
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